Bed sores are usually only caused by nursing home neglect and hospital negligence. They can be avoided with proper supervision and care.
Bed sores, also called pressure sores or decubitus ulcers, are ulcers (sores) caused by prolonged pressure or rubbing on vulnerable areas of the body. Areas most prone include bony areas subject to moisture and friction. Examples include pressure points on the lower back (near the tail bone or sacrum or iliac crest), hips, ankles, heels and elbows, as well as the ear.
The ulcers are categorized into four stages, subject to size and depth:
Stage I is the most superficial, with only superficial irritation
Stage II is blistering of the skin
Stage III involves the whole skin, often complicated by infection
Stage IV the deepest (usually extending into the muscle, tendon or even bone)
Nursing homes and hospitals must set programs to avoid the development of bedsores in bedridden patients. These programs should include moving and repositioning residents at least every 2 hours, ensuring dry sheets, and providing adequate hydration and nutrition.
Very often these homes become greedy and seek to save money by cutting corners and cutting back on staff and training. These cutbacks lead to the development of the bedsores and the nursing homes should be help accountable.